Local News Consumers
This report is based on a survey of 2,038 regional news consumers. The aim of the study was to identify gaps in local news provision in regional parts of Australia and whether there is an appetite for new grassroots news offerings. The study finds the strongest desire for additional news services among residents of communities where news outlets have closed. In light of the ongoing decline of regional news services, accelerated by the impact of the COVID-19 outbreak, this report points to the types of news people in information reduced communities are looking for and how much they are willing to pay for it.
There are large gaps in news provision to regional audiences
The majority (88%) of regional news consumers access local news regularly. However, one quarter of survey participants said they did not have a local TV news service (24%) or newspaper (25%). One third said there was no local commercial radio (33%) and more than half (55%) said there was no physical ABC local radio presence in their area.
Half of regional news consumers access local commercial TV news. About one-third (34%) use commercial radio for local news and 28% access local newspapers. The fourth most used source of local news was social media with 23% of regional news consumers accessing it for local news.
Trust in local news is higher than national news
Generally, regional news consumers have much higher trust in local news (63%) compared to trust in national (49%) or in news in general (48%).
Quality news lacking in small LGAs
Residents in smaller Local Government Areas (LGA) tend to have lower satisfaction with local news compared to those living in larger LGAs. Those in smaller LGAs are particularly less satisfied with the quality and depth of local news, number of local reporters, relevance of the news to the community, the range of local news options, the number of news stories produced in their area, and the overall amount of local news.
Negative impacts of news closures and mergers
Almost 1 in 5 (19%) said they had experienced a closure or merger of a news service in their area during the past five years. At the time this survey was taken, 62% said they did not know whether a local news service had merged or closed over that time; and 19% said they had not experienced local media going through a merger or closure in their area in the past five years.
62% of those who were aware of mergers and closures said it had a negative impact on their local community. Of most concern, almost half (46%) of those news consumers said it had led to a reduction in the amount of local information available; and around one quarter (23%) said it had reduced their sense of belonging to their community. These consumers, who were aware of a local news organisation shutting down or merging, also had lower satisfaction with the current local news offerings compared to those who hadn’t experienced the loss of a local news service.
Loss of local information felt most in small LGAs
Those living in medium-sized LGAs with population between 30-70k feel
the most affected by media closures or mergers; 23% of consumers in those areas experienced a merger or closure in their area, compared to those living in 120k LGAs, where only 12% experience closure or merger. The perceived impact was also bigger in the smallest group of LGAs with populations under 30k. In those areas, the majority (67%) experienced a decrease in information about their local community and resulted in a decline in topics to share with friends (33%). Overall, the biggest impact was in the decrease of local information about the community.
Those who feel the news gap are more willing to support a new online news service
Almost one-third (29%) of respondents are willing to support a new online grassroots local news service. Loss of local news increases interest in a new grassroots news service Regional news consumers who have experienced a local news service closing down or merging with another company are interested in financially supporting a grassroots local news service (38%) more than those who haven’t experience a closure or merger (34%).
Interest in a grassroots local news service is affected by the availability of local news in the community as well as whether the news consumer is actively consuming local news or not. About one-third (33%) of respondents who said they don’t have any local news available in the area are interested in a new grassroots local news service, compared to 29% of those who already have local news in their area. Those who access local news regularly are more likely to be interested than those who currently don’t consume local news. Desire to financially support a new type of grassroots local news services is also largely dependent on the current availability of traditional local news. Those who live in areas without a local commercial TV station, a local print newspaper or a local commercial radio station are more likely to be interested in a grassroots local news service.
News consumers consider quality, cancellation and in-depth coverage when paying
The top three factors that people consider to be important in making a decision about whether to pay for a new grassroots local news offering are quality and credibility of the journalism; easy cancellation of subscription; and in-depth coverage.
Community connection is key to news consumption
Regional news consumers access local news to stay connected to their community and keep abreast of critical information. The top reasons for consuming local news are to know what is going on in their local area (87%); and understand how things may affect them (86%).
The sense of belonging to the local community is a crucial factor in influencing consumers’ interest in supporting a new local news service
One third (32%) of those who felt they belong to the local area are interested, compared to 21% of those who feel they don’t belong. Similarly, 35% of those who feel connected to others in the local area are interested in a new local news service and 20% of those who don’t feel connected are interested. Those who are regular users of social media in general are more interested in supporting a grassroots local news service.
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Sora Park is Associate Dean of Research at the Faculty of Arts and Design and Professor of Communication at the News & Media Research Centre, University of Canberra. She is the Project Leader of the Digital News Report: Australia.
Caroline Fisher is Deputy Director of the News and Media Research Centre and Associate Professor of Journalism in the Faculty of Arts & Design, University of Canberra, and co-leader of the Digital News Report: Australia project.
Jee Young Lee is the Digital News Report Postdoctoral Research Fellow at the News & Media Research Centre and Lecturer at the Faculty of Arts & Design, University of Canberra.
For further information contact: firstname.lastname@example.org
This project was funded by Google News Initiative.
The project received ethics approval from University of Canberra Human Ethics Committee (No. 2275)
- The Fourth Estate Podcast with Peter Fray: Are Australians Turning Their Back On The News?
- Radio National Drive: More Australians are sick of bad news
- 3AW: Why are Australians avoiding the news? Report finds 62 per cent of people are tuning out
- ABC News 24: https://youtu.be/JozWJkYL10Y
- ABC Melbourne Breakfast: Tired of the news cycle? You’re not alone, says report
- The Guardian Australia, Australian politics live podcast: Why are Australians avoiding the news?
- ABC Radio, The World Today: Trust in the media is falling while fake news anxiety rises, report finds
- ABC Adelaide Drive with Jules Schiller: Wednesday June 12, 2019
- ABC 666 Drive with Anna Vidot: Digital News Report: Australia 2019
- ABC Nightlife: Wednesday June 12, 2019
- 2SER: Are Australians interested in news?
- Chris Kenny on Media, Sky TV: Research shows online shift is a ‘crisis’ for news organisations
- Democracy Sausage with Mark Kenny: Trust issues and the Trump bump
- Media Files podcast: Australians’ trust in news media is falling as concern over ‘fake news’ grows
- Content Group Govcomms podcast part 1: Giving up on news: The latest trends in digital news consumption with Caroline Fisher
- Content Group Govcomms podcast part 2: A Matter of trust: Rebuilding citizen trust with Caroline Fisher
- 3RRR Room With a View: Monday 17 June 2019
- ABC Adelaide Drive - Thursday 14th June with Caroline Fisher.
- ABC Melbourne Drive - Thursday 14th June with Caroline Fisher.
- Triple J's Hack - Thursday 14th June with Caroline Fisher.
- ABC 666 Mornings - Thursday 14th June with Caroline Fisher.
- What's the future of media for young people? - 'The roundtable', ABC Radio National, Monday 25th June with Sora Park.
- Digital trends and opportunity for government communication - Content Group Govcomms podcast, Tuesday 31st July with Caroline Fisher.
- Policy Forum Pod Extra: protecting the media - Tuesday 7th August, with Caroline Fisher.
- The Canberra Times: Australians are fact-checking to combat fake news
- The Sydney Morning Herald: 'YouTube going off as a news source': Australians among world's most likely to share dodgy articles
- The Guardian Australia: Australians are avoiding the news and think it's too negative, survey finds
- The Guardian Australia: Truth decay: why personal values are poisoning Australians' news consumption
- The Australian: Two-thirds of Australians don’t want to read about politics: study reveals
- The Daily Bulletin: Australians are less interested in news and consume less of it compared to other countries, survey finds
- The Conversation: Australians are less interested in news and consume less of it compared to other countries, survey finds
- HerCanberra: Australian women prefer to consume their media through social channels
- Broadagenda: Online News & the gender 'paying' gap
- Digital News Report: Australia 2018 co-authors Sora Park, Caroline Fisher, Glen Fuller and Jee Young Lee wrote an article for The Conversation addressing Australians' reluctance to express their political views on social media. The piece was reposted by usnews.com.
- 'Trust in the news is up — but there's still only a 50-50 chance you'll trust me on that', ABC News Online.
- 'Australian media consumers more polarised than the global average', Guardian Australia.
- The report's findings were also covered by the Sydney Morning Herald.