Print this page

Freddie Ngarrmaliny Timms, Mud Springs

Mud Springs, Freddie (Ngarrmaliny) Timms, 1999, etching 73cm x 84cm

Freddie Timms Mud Springs

Freddie Timms was born around 1946 at Bedford Downs Station, East Kimberly, Western Australia.1 As a young man he worked as a stockman for pastoralists before moving to  Turkey Creek in the 1980s.2 It wasn’t until his forties that Timms first produced work for the public domain under the tuition of his Father-in-law, George Mung Mung and master painters Rover Thomas and Paddy Bedford.3 In 1998 Freddie Timms established Jirrawun Arts.  Funded by the sale of works and artist-owned, Jirrawun Arts  Freddie c represented Gija artists and Gija culture .4

Unlike artists of his time and place, Timms’ work rarely explores Aboriginal ancestral narratives, preferring to disclose characteristics of his country usually from a topographical and aerial perspective.  Many of his works also comment on his perception of social, political and environmental changes since colonisation such as exploitation, alcohol abuse and violence.However, his style does follow the East Kimberley archetype first devised by Rover Thomas, typified by regions of black, white and ochre pigments surrounded by dots, often in double lines, specific to Freddie Timms’ work. 5

Characteristic of the East Kimberley or the Turkey Creek art movement, Mud Springs depicts a sparse landscape with fields of flat bold colour edged with illuminating white dots.  Each hill, plain and waterway is assigned a specific colour and separated from the next by strings of dots.  Three small circles within the large black central field may be depicting the various stages of deterioration of natural springs and water holes.  Long thick lines of white pigment might represent two creeks entering and leaving the site, these too surrounded in dots, building movement and simultaneously bringing a sense of calm to the adjacent landscapes.

Freddie Timms’ is now considered the most senior of Kimberley painters and his work can be found in collections at the National Gallery of Australia, NSW Art Gallery, National Gallery of Victoria, Art Gallery of Western Australia, Art Gallery of South Australia, Holmes à Court Collection, Perth, UBS Bank, Switzerland and, Aboriginal Art Museum, Utrecht, The Netherlands.  His work has been shown internationally in Germany, Tokyo, Chicago, Paris, Auckland and Miami. 6


1 Kate Owen Gallery, 'Freddie Timms,' Kate Owen Gallery, accessed 1/08/2022,

2  Ibid

3 Ibid

4 Brenda Colahan Fine Arts, 'Freddie Timms Indigenous Australian', Brenda Colahan Fine Arts, accessed 01/08/2022,

5 Kate Owen, Gallery, Freddie Timms

6 Japingka Aboriginal Art, 'Freddie Timms Paintings', Japingka Aboriginal Art, Accessed 1/08/2022,


Art Gallery of NSW, Australian Art Department, Collections, Freddie Timms

Baum, T, 2010. From Franchesca Cubillo and Wally Caruana (eds) Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Art: collection highlights National Gallery of Australia, Canberra, 2010.

Caruana, W. 2012, "Chapter 4: Land of the Wandjina: the Kimberley" in Aboriginal Art, 3rd Edition edn, Thames and Hudson, pp. 182.

Piermarq, 2015. Freddie Timms,

Watson, K, 2006. Paddy Bedford Education Kit produced by Museum of Contemporary Art Education, Sydney, Australia.

Association of Northern, Kimberley and Arnhem Aboriginal Artists, Stand-in Director, Freddie Timms,